SFB 1187 ›Medien der Kooperation‹ an der Universität Siegen

P01 - Media of Praxeology I: The “Discovery Procedures” of Science and Technology Studies

From left: Erhard Schüttpelz, Jason Turowetz, Anne Rawls, Kristen Schilt, Douglas Maynard and Andrea Ploder in Garfinkel Archive.


Principal Investigators:

Prof. Dr. Tristan Thielmann

Prof. Dr. Anne Warfield Rawls

Prof. Dr. Michael Lynch


Dr. Clemens Eisenmann

Dr. Jason Turowetz

Dr. Christian Erbacher (on parental leave)

Former Researchers:

Dr. Andrea Ploder


In the second phase of funding, the research project is based on the hypothesis that Harold Garfinkel‘s research was not only a trailblazer for current Science and Technology Studies, but also offers its own approach for the investigation of “practical technologies”, which was only partially delivered on by social constructionism or the actor-network theory. With the development of Harold Garfinkel‘s ethnomethodology, media and data practices were usually designed within the scope of an interdisciplinary collaboration or through transdisciplinary transmission, the central topic of which focused on the investigation of both universal and practical principles of cooperation. His research on social and technical everyday practices, including their embedding into epistemic processes and complex situations in decision-making, can serve as the basis for a digital praxeology.

Based on an analysis of unpublished documents in the Harold Garfinkel archive, it can be shown that central corpora in the development of praxeology have yet to be fully exploited for media history and the social study of science. In particular, this focuses on the retrieval of the investigations that Garfinkel had carried out since the 1950s in association with the development of data storage and recovery systems (Zatocoding) and at the end of the 1960s through experiments in the field of human-machine interaction (especially Joseph Weizenbaum’s ELIZA program). In conjunction with the laboratory studies conducted in the 1970s and 1980s on scientific discoveries, which were only considered in part in the relevant “Pulsar Paper“ (Garfinkel et al. 1981), the research project can reveal that central media-praxeological research desiderates can be exploited for the analysis of the current situation relating to data practices. To conclude, this is to be demonstrated in a case analysis of digital practices used in the handling and reproduction of “artificial intelligence” through do-it-yourself development kits.

The common point of reference of these studies is the discovery procedures and the associated question: What are the praxeological and socio-technical cooperation conditions for what Garfinkel called “knowing how to get the phenomenon out of data”, which he placed at the center of his media and laboratory research? In this respect, both the retrieval of the historical case studies and the analysis of the current situation show that media and data practices form an irreducible part of the practices that are investigated by ethnomethodology. The research project can therefore clarify how digital media can be re-specified through their documentary practices and to what extent the use of scientific media and instruments can be delineated as a cooperative data practice.




Editions and first publications of Harold Garfinkel’s writings

Garfinkel, H. 2019. The History of Gulfport Field 1942. Hg. von T. Thielmann. With an Introduction by A. W. Rawls and M. Lynch. Siegen: Media of Cooperation. https://www.mediacoop.uni-siegen.de/de/?p=4987 (zugegriffen: 7. Januar 2020).
Garfinkel, H. 2019. Parsons’ Primer. Hg. von A. W. Rawls. Stuttgart: Metzler. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-476-04815-8.
Garfinkel, H. 2019. Notes on Language Games as a source of Methods for Studying the Formal Properties of Linguistic Events. The European Journal of Social Theory 22, Nr. 2: 148–174. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431018824733, .
Rawls, A. W. und M. Lynch. 2019. Harold Garfinkel’s History of Gulfport Field 1942, Part II, The Aircraft Mechanics School: Mocking-up and Making-do in the Midst of Wartime Urgency. In: The History of Gulfport Field 1942, hg. von T. Thielmann, I–XLVIII. Siegen: Media of Cooperation. https://www.mediacoop.uni-siegen.de/de/neue-veroeffentlichung-the-history-of-gulfport-field-1942-von-harold-garfinkel/.
Rawls, A. W. und J. Turowetz. 2019. Introduction to Parsons’ Primer. In: Parsons’ Primer, hg. von H. Garfinkel, 1–108. Stuttgart: Metzler. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-476-04815-8_1.
Garfinkel, H. 2020. Studien zur Ethnomethodologie. Hg. von E. Schüttpelz, A. W. Rawls, und T. Thielmann. Frankfurt am Main: Campus. https://www.campus.de/buecher-campus-verlag/wissenschaft/soziologie/studien_zur_ethnomethodologie-14230.html (zugegriffen: 7. Januar 2020).


More Publications


Bergmann, J., Meyer, C., & Schüttpelz, E. (Eds.). (2020). Doing Sociology: Beiträge zur Neuentdeckung von Harold Garfinkels “Studien zur Ethnomethodologie.” transcript.
Erbacher, C. (2020). Wittgenstein’s Heirs and Editors. Cambridge University Press. https://www.cambridge.org/core/elements/wittgensteins-heirs-and-editors/8E2315B96861B6E4B7AB19B2C2CE3494
Lynch, M. (2020). Garfinkel’s studies of work. In D. Maynard & J. Heritage (Eds.), Harold Garfinkel: Praxis, Social Order, and the Ethnomethodological Movement. Oxford University Press.
Ploder, A., & Thielmann, T. (2020). Methodological Adequacy: Ein medien-, sozial- und wissenschaftstheoretischer Beitrag zu Selektionspraktiken. In J. Bergmann, C. Meyer, & E. Schüttpelz (Eds.), Doing Sociology: Beiträge zur Neuentdeckung von Harold Garfinkels “Studien zur Ethnomethodologie.” transcript.



Borbach, C., & Thielmann, T. (2019). Über das Denken in Ko-Operationsketten. Arbeiten am Luftlagebild. In S. Gießmann, T. Röhl, & R. Trischler (Eds.), Materialität der Kooperation (pp. 115–167). Springer VS. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-20805-9_5
Erbacher, C. (2019). ‚Good‘ Philosophical Reasons for ‚Bad‘ Editorial Philology? On Rhees and Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Grammar. Philosophical Investigations, 42(2), 111–145. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/phin.12226
Erbacher, C. (2019). Das Drama von Tübingen. Eine Humanities and Technology Story. Working Paper Series Media of Cooperation. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.25819/ubsi/614
Erbacher, C. (Ed.). (2019). Friedrich August von Hayek‘s Draft Biography of Ludwig Wittgenstein Wittgenstein (with an Endword by A. Janik). mentis. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783957437976
Erbacher, C. (2019). Philosophy – Therapy – Culture: On a Triangulated Analogy in the Philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein. Journal of Medical Anthropology., 41(1+2), 135–141. http://www.vwb-verlag.com/Katalog/m844.html
Erbacher, C. (2019). Ways of Making Wittgenstein Available – Towards Studying Infrastructures and Publics in the History of Editing Wittgenstein’s Writings. In M. Korn, W. Reißmann, T. Röhl, & D. Sittler (Eds.), Infrastructuring Publics – Making Infrastructures Public (pp. 265–284). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-20725-0_13
Erbacher, C., dos Santos Reis, A., & Jung, J. (Eds.). (2019). “Ludwig Wittgenstein” –A BBC radio talk by Elizabeth Anscombe in May 1953. Nordic Wittgenstein Review, 8(1–2), 225–240. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15845/nwr.v8i1-2.3556
Garfinkel, H. (2019). The History of Gulfport Field 1942 (T. Thielmann, Ed.). Media of Cooperation. https://www.mediacoop.uni-siegen.de/de/?p=4987
Garfinkel, H. (2019). Parsons’ Primer (A. W. Rawls, Ed.). Metzler. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-476-04815-8
Garfinkel, H. (2019). Notes on Language Games as a source of Methods for Studying the Formal Properties of Linguistic Events. The European Journal of Social Theory, 22(2), 148–174. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431018824733
Lynch, M. (2019). Ontography as the study of locally organized ontologies. Zeitschrift Für Medien- Und Kulturforschung (ZMK), 10(1), 147–160. https://meiner.de/ontography-as-the-study-of-locally-organized-ontologies.html
Lynch, M. (2019). Garfinkel, Sacks and Formal Structures: Collaborative origins, divergences and the vexed unity of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. Human Studies, 42(2), 183–198. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/s10746-019-09510-w
Rawls, A. W. (2019). La division du travail revisited. Vers une théorie sociologique de la justice. Le bord de l’eau. http://www.editionsbdl.com/fr/books/la-division-du-travail-revisited.-vers-une-thorie-sociologique-de-la-justice/712/
Rawls, A. W. (2019). Introduction to Garfinkel’s ‚Notes on Language Games‘: Language Events as Cultural Events in ‚Systems of Interaction‘. The European Journal of Social Theory, 22(2), 133–147. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431018824698
Rawls, A. W., & Lynch, M. (2019). Harold Garfinkel’s History of Gulfport Field 1942, Part II, The Aircraft Mechanics School: Mocking-up and Making-do in the Midst of Wartime Urgency. In T. Thielmann (Ed.), The History of Gulfport Field 1942 (p. I–XLVIII). Media of Cooperation. https://www.mediacoop.uni-siegen.de/de/neue-veroeffentlichung-the-history-of-gulfport-field-1942-von-harold-garfinkel/
Rawls, A. W., & Turowetz, J. (2019). ‚Discovering Culture‘ in Interaction: Solving Problems in Cultural Sociology by Recovering the Interactional Side of Parsons’ Conception of Culture. The American Journal of Cultural Sociology. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1057/s41290-019-00079-6
Rawls, A. W., & Turowetz, J. (2019). Introduction to Parsons’ Primer. In H. Garfinkel (Ed.), Parsons’ Primer (pp. 1–108). Metzler. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-476-04815-8_1
Thielmann, T. (2019). The ENIAC Display: Insignia of a Digital Praxeology. In T. Haigh (Ed.), Exploring the Early Digital (pp. 101–116). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02152-8_6
Turowetz, J., & Rawls, A. W. (2019). The Development of Garfinkel’s ‚Trust‘ Argument from 1947 to 1967: Demonstrating How Inequality Disrupts Sense and Self-Making. Journal of Classical Sociology. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/1468795X19894423



Ghanbari, N., Otto, I., Schramm, S., & Thielmann, T. (2018). Einleitung. In N. Ghanbari, I. Otto, S. Schramm, & T. Thielmann (Eds.), Kollaboration. Beiträge zu Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit (pp. 1–17). Wilhelm Fink Verlag. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403_002
Ghanbari, N., Otto, I., Schramm, S., & Thielmann, T. (Eds.). (2018). Kollaboration: Beiträge zur Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit. Wilhelm Fink Verlag. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403
Ploder, A. (2018). Geschichte der qualitativen und interpretativen Sozialforschung im deutschsprachigen Raum nach 1945. In S. Moebius & A. Ploder (Eds.), Handbuch Geschichte der deutschsprachigen Soziologie, Band 1: Geschichte der Soziologie im deutschsprachigen Raum (pp. 735–760). Springer VS. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-07998-7_37-2
Ploder, A. (2018). How to Become an Ethnomethodologist: Breaching and Attitude Shift in the Work of Harold Garfinkel. 2018 Annual Conference of the Society for Phenomenology & the Human Sciences, State College/Pennsylvania.
Ploder, A. (2018). Geschichte der Qualitativen und Interpretativen Forschung. In L. Akremi, N. Baur, H. Knoblauch, & B. Traue (Eds.), Interpretativ Forschen. Ein Handbuch für die Sozialwissenschaften (pp. 38–71). Beltz Juventa. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-07614-6_37
Rawls, A. W. (2018). The Wartime Narrative in US Sociology 1940-1947: Stigmatizing Qualitative Sociology in the Name of ‚Science‘. The European Journal of Social Theory, 21(4), 526–546. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431018754499
Rawls, A. W., Duck, W., & Turowetz, J. (2018). Problems Establishing Identity/Residency in a City Neighborhood during a in a Black-White Police-Citizen Encounter: Revisiting Du Bois’ Concept of ‚The Submissive Man. City and Community, 17(4), 1015–1050. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/cico.12345
Schüttpelz, E. (2018). Versprechen, Verträge und Vertretung. Soziale Akte bei Adolf Reinach und J.L. Austin. In N. Ghanbari, I. Otto, S. Schramm, & T. Thielmann (Eds.), Kollaboration: Beiträge zur Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit (pp. 183–200). Fink. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403_010
Thielmann, T. (2018). Early Digital Images: A Praxeology of the Display. In L. Feiersinger, K. Friedrich, & M. Queisner (Eds.), Image – Action – Space: Situating the Screen in Visual Practice (pp. 41–54). De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110464979-004



Erbacher, C. (2017). ‚Gute‘ philosophische Gründe für ‚schlechte‘ Editionsphilologie. In M. Enders, A. Pichler, & C. Zittel (Eds.), Textologie – Theorie und Praxis interdisziplinärer Textforschung (pp. 257–298). De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110352498-007
Erbacher, C. E. (2017). Brief aus Norwegen. Deutsche Zeitschrift Für Philosophie, 65(3), 574–588. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1515/dzph-2017-0040
Erbacher, C. (2017). Among the omitted stuff, there are many good remarks of a general nature"- On the making of von Wright and Wittgenstein’s culture and value. Nothern European Journal of Philosophy, 18(2), 79–113. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1515/sats-2017-0004
Erbacher, C., & Schirmer, T. (2017). On Continuity: Rush Rhees on Outer and Inner Surfaces of Bodies. Philosophical Investigations, 40(1), 3–30. https://doi.org/10.1111/phin.12135
Erbacher, C., Jung, J., & Seibel, A. (2017). The Logbook of Editing Wittgenstein’s “Philosophische Bemerkungen”. Rush Rhees’ letters to Georg Henrik von Wright 1962-64. Nordic Wittgenstein Review, 6(1), 105–147. https://www.nordicwittgensteinreview.com/article/view/3442
Lisa Ramella, A., Lehmuskallio, A., Thielmann, T., & Abend, P. (2017). Introduction Mobile Digital Practices. Situating People, Things, and Data. Digital Culture & Society, 3. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14361/dcs-2017-0202
Ploder, A. (2017). Breaching and Gestalt-Switch: On the Significance of Trouble Making in the Work of Harold Garfinkel. 112th Annual Meeting of the American Sociological Association, Montreal/Québec.
Ploder, A. (2017). Starke Reflexivität. Autoethnographie und Ethnopsychoanalyse im Gespräch. In J. Bonz, M. Hamm, K. Eisch-Angus, & A. Sülzle (Eds.), Ethnografie und Deutung. Gruppensupervision als Methode reflexiven Forschens (pp. 421–438). Springer VS. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-15838-5_24
Ramella, A. L., Lehmuskallio, A., Thielmann, T., & Abend, P. (Eds.). (2017). Mobile digital practices. transcript. https://www.transcript-verlag.de/978-3-8376-3821-9/digital-culture-society-dcs/
Rawls, A. W. (2017). An Essay on the Intrinsic Relationship between Social Facts and Moral Questions. Canadian Journal of Sociology, 54(4), 392–404. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1111/cars.12167
Rawls, A. W., & Duck, W. (2017). Fractured Reflections‘ of High Status Black Male Presentations of Self: Non-Recognition of Identity as a Tacit form of Institutional Racism. Sociological Focus, 50(1), 36–51. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/00380237.2016.1218215



Erbacher, C. (2016). Der gestaltete Gestalter. Die Editionsgeschichte der Schriften Ludwig Wittgensteins und das Medien-Problem des Philosophierens. In S. Habscheid, G. Hoch, H. Schröteler-v. Brandt, & V. Stein (Eds.), Gestalten gestalten (1st ed., pp. 13–26). V&R Unipress. https://doi.org/10.14220/9783737005036.13
Erbacher, C. (2016). Die Wittgenstein-Editionen im Kontext – Über editorische Defizite und ihre konstruktive Kontextualisierung. Editio, 30(1), 197–221. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1515/editio-2016-0013
Erbacher, C. (2016). Some Notes on Writing a History of Editing Wittgenstein. In S. Majetschak & A. Weiberg (Eds.), Ästhetik heute (pp. 69–71). De Gruyter. https://www.alws.at/alws/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/papers-2016.pdf
Erbacher, C. (2016). Wittgenstein and His Literary Executors. Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy, 4(3), 1–39. https://www.britishwittgensteinsociety.org/wittgenstein-literary-executors



Erbacher, C. (2015). Formen des Klärens: Literarisch-philosophische Darstellungsmittel in Wittgensteins Schriften. mentis. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783957438195