SFB 1187 ›Medien der Kooperation‹ an der Universität Siegen

P01 - Media of Praxeology I: The “Discovery Procedures” of Science and Technology Studies

From left: Erhard Schüttpelz, Jason Turowetz, Anne Rawls, Kristen Schilt, Douglas Maynard and Andrea Ploder in Garfinkel Archive.


Principal Investigators:

Prof. Dr. Tristan Thielmann

Prof. Dr. Anne Warfield Rawls

Prof. Dr. Michael Lynch


Dr. Clemens Eisenmann

Dr. Jason Turowetz

Dr. Christian Erbacher (on parental leave)

Former Researchers:

Dr. Andrea Ploder


In the second phase of funding, the research project is based on the hypothesis that Harold Garfinkel‘s research was not only a trailblazer for current Science and Technology Studies, but also offers its own approach for the investigation of “practical technologies”, which was only partially delivered on by social constructionism or the actor-network theory. With the development of Harold Garfinkel‘s ethnomethodology, media and data practices were usually designed within the scope of an interdisciplinary collaboration or through transdisciplinary transmission, the central topic of which focused on the investigation of both universal and practical principles of cooperation. His research on social and technical everyday practices, including their embedding into epistemic processes and complex situations in decision-making, can serve as the basis for a digital praxeology.

Based on an analysis of unpublished documents in the Harold Garfinkel archive, it can be shown that central corpora in the development of praxeology have yet to be fully exploited for media history and the social study of science. In particular, this focuses on the retrieval of the investigations that Garfinkel had carried out since the 1950s in association with the development of data storage and recovery systems (Zatocoding) and at the end of the 1960s through experiments in the field of human-machine interaction (especially Joseph Weizenbaum’s ELIZA program). In conjunction with the laboratory studies conducted in the 1970s and 1980s on scientific discoveries, which were only considered in part in the relevant “Pulsar Paper“ (Garfinkel et al. 1981), the research project can reveal that central media-praxeological research desiderates can be exploited for the analysis of the current situation relating to data practices. To conclude, this is to be demonstrated in a case analysis of digital practices used in the handling and reproduction of “artificial intelligence” through do-it-yourself development kits.

The common point of reference of these studies is the discovery procedures and the associated question: What are the praxeological and socio-technical cooperation conditions for what Garfinkel called “knowing how to get the phenomenon out of data”, which he placed at the center of his media and laboratory research? In this respect, both the retrieval of the historical case studies and the analysis of the current situation show that media and data practices form an irreducible part of the practices that are investigated by ethnomethodology. The research project can therefore clarify how digital media can be re-specified through their documentary practices and to what extent the use of scientific media and instruments can be delineated as a cooperative data practice.




Editions and first publications of Harold Garfinkel’s writings

Garfinkel, H. 2019. The History of Gulfport Field 1942. Hg. von T. Thielmann. With an Introduction by A. W. Rawls and M. Lynch. Siegen: Media of Cooperation. https://www.mediacoop.uni-siegen.de/de/?p=4987 (zugegriffen: 7. Januar 2020).
Garfinkel, H. 2019. Parsons’ Primer. Hg. von A. W. Rawls. Stuttgart: Metzler. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-476-04815-8.
Garfinkel, H. 2019. Notes on Language Games as a source of Methods for Studying the Formal Properties of Linguistic Events. The European Journal of Social Theory 22, Nr. 2: 148–174. doi:https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431018824733, .
Rawls, A. W. und M. Lynch. 2019. Harold Garfinkel’s History of Gulfport Field 1942, Part II, The Aircraft Mechanics School: Mocking-up and Making-do in the Midst of Wartime Urgency. In: The History of Gulfport Field 1942, hg. von T. Thielmann, I–XLVIII. Siegen: Media of Cooperation. https://www.mediacoop.uni-siegen.de/de/neue-veroeffentlichung-the-history-of-gulfport-field-1942-von-harold-garfinkel/.
Rawls, A. W. und J. Turowetz. 2019. Introduction to Parsons’ Primer. In: Parsons’ Primer, hg. von H. Garfinkel, 1–108. Stuttgart: Metzler. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-476-04815-8_1.
Garfinkel, H. 2020. Studien zur Ethnomethodologie. Hg. von E. Schüttpelz, A. W. Rawls, und T. Thielmann. Frankfurt am Main: Campus. https://www.campus.de/buecher-campus-verlag/wissenschaft/soziologie/studien_zur_ethnomethodologie-14230.html (zugegriffen: 7. Januar 2020).



Lynch, M., eds. 2020. “Garfinkel’s studies of work.” In Harold Garfinkel: Praxis, Social Order, and the Ethnomethodological Movement, edited by Maynard, D. and Heritage, J. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ploder, Andrea and Thielmann, Tristan, eds. 2020. “Methodological Adequacy: Ein medien-, sozial- und wissenschaftstheoretischer Beitrag zu Selektionspraktiken.” In Doing Sociology: Beiträge zur Neuentdeckung von Harold Garfinkels 'Studien zur Ethnomethodologie', edited by Bergmann, Jörg; Meyer, Christian and Schüttpelz, Erhard. Bielefeld: transcript.


Erbacher, C. 2020. Wittgenstein's Heirs and Editors. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://www.cambridge.org/core/elements/wittgensteins-heirs-and-editors/8E2315B96861B6E4B7AB19B2C2CE3494.
Garfinkel, H., eds. 2020. Studien zur Ethnomethodologie. Frankfurt am Main: Campus. https://www.campus.de/buecher-campus-verlag/wissenschaft/soziologie/studien_zur_ethnomethodologie-14230.html.


Borbach, C. and Thielmann, T., eds. 2019. “Über das Denken in Ko-Operationsketten. Arbeiten am Luftlagebild.” In Materialität der Kooperation, edited by Gießmann, S.; Röhl, T. and Trischler, R., 115-167. Wiesbaden: Springer VS. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-20805-9_5.
Erbacher C. et al., eds. 2019. ““Ludwig Wittgenstein” –A BBC radio talk by Elizabeth Anscombe in May 1953.” Nordic Wittgenstein Review, edited by Erbacher, C.; dos Santos Reis, A. and Jung, J. 8 (1-2): 225-240. https://doi.org/10.15845/nwr.v8i1-2.3556.
Erbacher, C. 2019. “‚Good‘ Philosophical Reasons for ‚Bad‘ Editorial Philology? On Rhees and Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Grammar.” Philosophical Investigations 42 (2): 111-145. https://doi.org/10.1111/phin.12226.
Erbacher, C. 2019. “Das Drama von Tübingen. Eine Humanities and Technology Story.” Working Paper Series Media of Cooperation. http://dx.doi.org/10.25819/ubsi/614.
Erbacher, C., eds. 2019. “Ways of Making Wittgenstein Available – Towards Studying Infrastructures and Publics in the History of Editing Wittgenstein’s Writings.” In Infrastructuring Publics – Making Infrastructures Public, edited by Korn, M.; Reißmann, W.; Röhl, T. and Sittler, D., 265–284. Wiesbaden: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-20725-0_13.
Erbacher, Christian, eds. 2019. Friedrich August von Hayek‘s Draft Biography of Ludwig Wittgenstein Wittgenstein (with an Endword by A. Janik). Münster: mentis. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783957437976.
Erbacher, Christian. 2019. “Philosophy – Therapy – Culture: On a Triangulated Analogy in the Philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein.” Journal of Medical Anthropology. 41 (1+2): 135-141. http://www.vwb-verlag.com/Katalog/m844.html.
Garfinkel, H., eds. 2019. Parsons’ Primer. Stuttgart: Metzler. https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-476-04815-8.
Garfinkel, H. 2019. “Notes on Language Games as a source of Methods for Studying the Formal Properties of Linguistic Events.” The European Journal of Social Theory 22 (2): 148-174. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431018824733.
Garfinkel, H., eds. 2019. The History of Gulfport Field 1942. Siegen: Media of Cooperation. https://www.mediacoop.uni-siegen.de/de/?p=4987.
Lynch, M. 2019. “Ontography as the study of locally organized ontologies.” Zeitschrift für Medien- und Kulturforschung (ZMK) 10 (1): 147-160. https://meiner.de/ontography-as-the-study-of-locally-organized-ontologies.html.
Lynch, M. 2019. “Garfinkel, Sacks and Formal Structures: Collaborative origins, divergences and the vexed unity of ethnomethodology and conversation analysis.” Human Studies 42 (2): 183-198. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10746-019-09510-w.
Rawls, A. W. 2019. “Introduction to Garfinkel’s ‚Notes on Language Games‘: Language Events as Cultural Events in ‚Systems of Interaction‘.” The European Journal of Social Theory 22 (2): 133-147. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431018824698.
Rawls, A. W. 2019. La division du travail revisited. Vers une théorie sociologique de la justice. Paris: Le bord de l’eau. http://www.editionsbdl.com/fr/books/la-division-du-travail-revisited.-vers-une-thorie-sociologique-de-la-justice/712/.
Rawls, A. W. and Lynch, M., eds. 2019. “Harold Garfinkel's History of Gulfport Field 1942, Part II, The Aircraft Mechanics School: Mocking-up and Making-do in the Midst of Wartime Urgency.” In The History of Gulfport Field 1942, edited by Thielmann, T., I-XLVIII. Siegen: Media of Cooperation. https://www.mediacoop.uni-siegen.de/de/neue-veroeffentlichung-the-history-of-gulfport-field-1942-von-harold-garfinkel/.
Rawls, A. W. and Turowetz, J. 2019. “‚Discovering Culture‘ in Interaction: Solving Problems in Cultural Sociology by Recovering the Interactional Side of Parsons’ Conception of Culture.” The American Journal of Cultural Sociology. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41290-019-00079-6.
Rawls, A. W. and Turowetz, J., eds. 2019. “Introduction to Parsons’ Primer.” In Parsons’ Primer, edited by Garfinkel, H., 1-108. Stuttgart: Metzler. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-476-04815-8_1.
Thielmann, T., eds. 2019. “The ENIAC Display: Insignia of a Digital Praxeology.” In Exploring the Early Digital, edited by Haigh, T., 101-116. New York/London: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02152-8_6.
Turowetz, J. and Rawls, A. W. 2019. “The Development of Garfinkel's ‚Trust‘ Argument from 1947 to 1967: Demonstrating How Inequality Disrupts Sense and Self-Making.” Journal of Classical Sociology. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468795X19894423.


Ghanbari, Nacim; Otto, Isabell; Schramm, Samantha and Thielmann, Tristan, eds. 2018. “Einleitung.” In Kollaboration. Beiträge zu Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit, edited by Ghanbari, Nacim; Otto, Isabell; Schramm, Samantha and Thielmann, Tristan, 1–17. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink Verlag. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403_002.
Ghanbari, Nacim; Otto, Isabell; Schramm, Samantha and Thielmann, Tristan, eds. 2018. Kollaboration: Beiträge zur Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink Verlag. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403.
Rawls, A. W. 2018. “The Wartime Narrative in US Sociology 1940-1947: Stigmatizing Qualitative Sociology in the Name of ‚Science‘.” The European Journal of Social Theory 21 (4): 526-546. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368431018754499.
Rawls, A. W.; Duck, W. and Turowetz, J. 2018. “Problems Establishing Identity/Residency in a City Neighborhood during a in a Black-White Police-Citizen Encounter: Revisiting Du Bois’ Concept of ‚The Submissive Man.” City and Community 17 (4): 1015-1050. https://doi.org/10.1111/cico.12345.
Schüttpelz, Erhard, eds. 2018. “Versprechen, Verträge und Vertretung. Soziale Akte bei Adolf Reinach und J.L. Austin.” In Kollaboration: Beiträge zur Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit, edited by Ghanbari, Nacim; Otto, Isabell; Schramm, Samantha and Thielmann, Tristan, 183-200. Paderborn: Fink. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403_010.
Thielmann, Tristan, eds. 2018. “Early Digital Images: A Praxeology of the Display.” In Image – Action – Space: Situating the Screen in Visual Practice, edited by Feiersinger, Luisa; Friedrich, K. and Queisner, M., 41-54. Berlin: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110464979-004.


Erbacher, C., eds. 2017. “‚Gute‘ philosophische Gründe für ‚schlechte‘ Editionsphilologie.” In Textologie – Theorie und Praxis interdisziplinärer Textforschung, edited by Enders, M.; Pichler, A. and Zittel, C., 257-298. Berlin: De Gruyter. https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110352498-007.
Erbacher, Christian. 2017. “Among the omitted stuff, there are many good remarks of a general nature"- On the making of von Wright and Wittgenstein's culture and value.” Nothern European Journal of Philosophy 18 (2): 79-113. https://doi.org/10.1515/sats-2017-0004.
Erbacher, Christian Eric. 2017. “Brief aus Norwegen.” Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 65 (3): 574-588. https://doi.org/10.1515/dzph-2017-0040.
Erbacher, Christian; Jung, Julia and Seibel, Anne. 2017. “The Logbook of Editing Wittgenstein's "Philosophische Bemerkungen". Rush Rhees’ letters to Georg Henrik von Wright 1962-64.” Nordic Wittgenstein Review 6 (1): 105–147. https://www.nordicwittgensteinreview.com/article/view/3442.
Erbacher, Christian and Schirmer, Tina. 2017. “On Continuity: Rush Rhees on Outer and Inner Surfaces of Bodies.” Philosophical Investigations 40 (1): 3-30. 10.1111/phin.12135. https://doi.org/10.1111/phin.12135.
Lisa Ramella, Anna; Lehmuskallio, Asko; Thielmann, Tristan and Abend, Pablo. 2017. “Introduction Mobile Digital Practices. Situating People, Things, and Data.” Digital Culture & Society 3. https://doi.org/10.14361/dcs-2017-0202.
Ramella, Anna Lisa; Lehmuskallio, Asko; Thielmann, Tristan and Abend, Pablo, eds. 2017. Mobile digital practices. Bielefeld: transcript. https://www.transcript-verlag.de/978-3-8376-3821-9/digital-culture-society-dcs/.
Rawls, A. W. 2017. “An Essay on the Intrinsic Relationship between Social Facts and Moral Questions.” Canadian Journal of Sociology 54 (4): 392-404. https://doi.org/10.1111/cars.12167.
Rawls, A. W. and Duck, W. 2017. “Fractured Reflections‘ of High Status Black Male Presentations of Self: Non-Recognition of Identity as a Tacit form of Institutional Racism.” Sociological Focus 50 (1): 36-51. https://doi.org/10.1080/00380237.2016.1218215.


Erbacher, Christian, eds. 2016. “Some Notes on Writing a History of Editing Wittgenstein.” In Ästhetik heute, edited by Majetschak, S. and Weiberg, A., 69-71. Kirchberg/Wechsel: De Gruyter. https://www.alws.at/alws/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/papers-2016.pdf.
Erbacher, Christian. 2016. “Wittgenstein and His Literary Executors.” Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 4 (3): 1-39. https://www.britishwittgensteinsociety.org/wittgenstein-literary-executors.
Erbacher, Christian. 2016. “Die Wittgenstein-Editionen im Kontext – Über editorische Defizite und ihre konstruktive Kontextualisierung.” Editio 30 (1): 197-221. https://doi.org/10.1515/editio-2016-0013. https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/edit.2016.30.issue-1/editio-2016-0013/editio-2016-0013.xml.
Erbacher, Christian, eds. 2016. “Der gestaltete Gestalter. Die Editionsgeschichte der Schriften Ludwig Wittgensteins und das Medien-Problem des Philosophierens.” In Gestalten gestalten, edited by Habscheid, Stephan; Hoch, Gero; Schröteler-v. Brandt, Hildegard and Stein, Volker, 13-26. Göttingen: V&R Unipress. https://doi.org/10.14220/9783737005036.13.


Erbacher, C. 2015. Formen des Klärens: Literarisch-philosophische Darstellungsmittel in Wittgensteins Schriften. Münster: mentis. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783957438195.