A03 - Navigation in Online/Offline Spaces



Visualization of the sensory recognition that takes place on board Waymo vehicles. (Source: Waymo)


Principal Investigators:

Prof. Dr. Carolin Gerlitz

Prof. Dr. Tristan Thielmann


Dr. Sam Hind

Fernando N. Van der Vlist

       André Heck, MA

Former Researchers:

Hendrik Bender

PD Dr. Michael Lommel

       Max Kanderske

       Asko Lehmuskallio


A03 explores how sensor-based and autonomous navigation reconfigures current accounts of mapping, spatiality, autonomy and movement. For this purpose, A03 conducts two case studies (on SLAM-based indoor navigation and networked outdoor navigation of autonomous vehicles, respectively), which are complemented by a comprehensive analysis of the specificity of sensor media vis à vis their platforms, infrastructures and data practices. The subproject employs digital and ethnographic research methods to describe and theorize the mutual making of shared media, data and spatial practices that characterize contemporary navigation processes. The project draws on situative methodological approaches, including praxeological techniques (focusing on navigational use), multi-sited ethnography (focusing on navigational decisions), and software/platform analysis techniques (focusing on navigational infrastructures). Utilizing digital methods, we experiment with the collection, analysis, and visualisation of sensory data to understand the layers of technical mediation underpinning sensory navigation. The project claims that sensor-based and increasingly autonomous modes of navigation are reconfiguring the practices and infrastructures of cooperative navigation, thereby challenging distinctions between the online/offline, indoor/outdoor, micro-level/macro-level. 


HERE 360 interface mockup for sensor-based object detection. (Source: HERE Technologies)





Thielmann, T., Kanderske, M. 2022. Mediengeographie - Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Praxis. Baden-Baden: Nomos.


Kanderske, Max. 2020. “Simultane Lokalisierung und Kartierung.” In Mediengeographie - Handbuch für Wissenschaft und Praxis. Baden-Baden: Nomos.


Dieter, M.; Gerlitz, C.; Helmond, A.; Tkacz, N.; van der Vlist, F. N. and Weltevrede, E. 2019. “Multi-situated App Studies: Methods and Propositions.” Social Media & Society 5 (2): 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305119846486.
Gekker, Alex and Hind, Sam. 2019. “Infrastructural surveillance.” New Media & Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444819879426.
Gerlitz, C., Helmond, A., Nieborg, D. B., & van der Vlist, F. N. 2019. “Apps and Infrastructures – a Research Agenda.” Computational Culture, Apps and Infrastructures (Special Issue) 7. http://computationalculture.net/apps-and-infrastructures-a-research-agenda/.
Gerlitz, C.; Helmond, A.; van der Vlist, F. N. and Weltevrede, E. 2019. “Regramming the Platform? Infrastructural Relations between Apps and Social Media.” In Computational Culture . Special Issue 7: Apps and Infrastructures. http://computationalculture.net/regramming-the-platform/..
Helmond, A., & van der Vlist, F. N. 2019. “Social Media and Platform Historiography: Challenges and Opportunities.” In TMG – Journal for Media History 22 (1), 6–34. https://doi.org/10.18146/tmg.434.
Helmond, A., Nieborg, D. B., & van der Vlist, F. N. 2019. “Facebook’s evolution: Development of a platform-as-infrastructure.” In Internet Histories: Digital Technology, Culture and Society 3 (2), 123–146. https://doi.org/10.1080/24701475.2019.1593667.
Hind, Sam. 2019. “Digital Navigation and the Driving-Machine: Supervision, Calculation, Optimization, and Recognition.” Mobilities 14 (4): 401-417. https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2019.1569581.
Hind, Sam and Gekker, Alex, eds. 2019. “On Autopilot: Towards a Flat Ontology of Vehicular Navigation.” In Media’s Mapping Impulse, edited by Lukinbeal, Chris; Sharp, Laura; Sommerlad, Elisabeth and Escher, Anton, 141–160. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/ON-AUTOPILOT%3A-TOWARDS-A-FLAT-ONTOLOGY-OF-VEHICULAR-Gekker-Hind/36714e4456ea5055588b99b99268779223180248.
Kanderske, Max and Thielmann, Tristan. 2019. “SLAM and the Situativeness of a New Generation of Geomedia Technologies.” Communication and the Public 4 (2): 118-132. https://doi.org/10.1177/2057047319851208.
Thielmann, Tristan. 2019. “Sensormedien: Eine medien- und praxistheoretische Annäherung.” Media of Cooperation Working Paper Series 9. https://www001.zimt.uni-siegen.de/ojs/index.php/wps1187/article/view/45.
Thielmann, Tristan. 2019. “The Bicycle at the End of the 19th Century: An Instrument for Land Surveying and Mapping.” Proceedings of the 29th International Cartographic Conference 2: 129. https://doi.org/10.5194/ica-proc-2-129-2019.


Alinejad, Donya; Candidatu, Laura I; Mevsimler, Melis; Minchilli, Claudia; Ponzanesi, Sandra and van der Vlist, Fernando N. 2018. “Diaspora and mapping methodologies: tracing transnational digital connections with ‘mattering maps’.” Global Networks, a Journal of Transnational Affairs: 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/glob.12197.
Bender, Hendrik, eds. 2018. “The New Aerial Age: Die wechselseitige Verfertigung gemeinsamer Raum- und Medienpraktiken am Beispiel von Drohnen-Communities.” In Kollaboration: Beiträge zu Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit, edited by Ghanbari, N.; Otto, I.; Schramm, S. and Thielmann, T., 121-145. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403_008.
Dieter, Michael; Gerlitz, Carolin; Helmond, Anne and Tkacz, Nathaniel. 2018. Store, interface, package, connection. https://www001.zimt.uni-siegen.de/ojs/index.php/wps1187/article/view/29.
Gerlitz, C. and Rieder, B. 2018. “Tweets Are Not Created Equal: investigating Twitter's client ecosystem.” International Journal of Communication : IJoC 12: 528-547. https://hdl.handle.net/11245.1/4da1d406-1213-4103-8237-eef5ae786948.
Gerlitz, Carolin, eds. 2018. “Retrieving.” In The International Handbook of Interdisciplinary Research Methods, edited by Lury, Celia, 126-131. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315714523-19.
Hind Sam; Perkins Chris; Gekker Alex; Evans Daniel; Lammes Sybille and Wilmott Clancy. 2018. Time for mapping : Cartographic temporalities. PB - Manchester University Press. https://manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/9781526122537/.
Kanderske, Max and Thielmann, Tristan, eds. 2018. “Virtuelle Geographien.” In Handbuch Virtualität, edited by Kasprowicz, Dawid and Rieger, Stefan. Berlin: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-16358-7_12-2.
Lommel, Michael, eds. 2018. “Was ist Zeit? Synergien im Omnibusfilm Ten Minutes Older.” In Kollaboration. Beiträge zu Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit, edited by Ghanbari, Nacim; Otto, Isabell; Schramm, Samantha and Thielmann, Tristan, 57–80. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink Verlag. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403_005.
Marres, Noortje and Gerlitz, Carolin, eds. 2018. “Social Media as Experiments in Sociality.” In Inventing the Social, edited by Guggenheim, Michael; Marres, Noortje and Wilckie, Alex. Manchester: Mattering Press. https://www.matteringpress.org/books/inventing-the-social.
Marres, Noortje and Gerlitz, Carolin, eds. 2018. “Social Media as Experiments in Sociality.” In Inventing the Social, edited by Marres, Noortje; Guggenheim, Michael and Wilckie, Alex, 253-286. Manchester: Matterning Press. http://wrap.warwick.ac.uk/103450/.
Opper, Teresa, eds. 2018. “Spiel, Satz und Match‘. Zur kollaborativen Spezifik von Dating-Apps.” In Kollaboration. Beiträge zu Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit, edited by Ghanbari, Nacim; Otto, Isabell; Schramm, Samantha and Thielmann, Tristan, 97-120. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink Verlag. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403_007.
Pánek, Jiří; Gekker, Alex; Hind, Sam; Wendler, Jana; Perkins, Chris and Lammes, Sybille. 2018. “Encountering Place: Mapping and Location-Based Games in Interdisciplinary Education.” The Cartographic Journal 55 (3): 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1080/00087041.2017.1386342.
Thielmann, Tristan, eds. 2018. “Die bewegte Mediengeschichte des Fotofahrtenführers: ein Co-Motion-Picture.” In Kollaboration. Beiträge zu Medientheorie und Kulturgeschichte der Zusammenarbeit, edited by Ghanbari, Nacim; Otto, Isabell; Schramm, Samantha and Thielmann, Tristan. Paderborn: Fink. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846758403_009.
Thielmann, Tristan, eds. 2018. “Der einleuchtende Grund digitaler Bilder. Die Mediengeschichte und Medienpraxistheorie des Displays.” In Display / Dispositiv. Ästhetische Ordnungen, edited by Frohne, Ursula; Haberer, Lilian and Urban, Annette. Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink Verlag. https://doi.org/10.30965/9783846756348_022.
Thielmann, Tristan and Bender, Hendrik. 2018. Medium Drohne: Die Praxistheorie fliegender Kameras. Bielefeld: transcript Verlag. https://www.transcript-verlag.de/978-3-8376-3518-8/medium-drohne/.
Thielmann, Tristan; Schulz, Carmen and Lommel, Michael, eds. 2018. “Das Fahrrad: Ein Medium der Landerschließung.” In Landmedien und mediale Bilder von Ländlichkeit im 20. Jahrhundert, edited by Zimmermann, Clemens 15, 205–230. Innsbruck: Studien Verlag.


Gerlitz, Carolin, eds. 2017. “The multivalence of consumer affect.” In Charisma and the Arts of Market Attachment, edited by Hetherington, K.; Harvey, P. and Bennett, T. London: Routledge.
Gerlitz, Carolin, eds. 2017. “Soziale Medien.” In Handbuch Popkultur, edited by Hecken, Thomas and Kleiner, Marcus S., 235-239. Stuttgart: Metzler Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-476-05601-6_44.
Helmond, Anne; Nieborg, David B. and van der Vlist, Fernando N. 2017. “The Political Economy of Social Data: A Historical Analysis of Platform-Industry Partnerships.” Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Social Media & Society: 38:1–38:5. New York, NY, USA: ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/3097286.3097324.
Hind, Sam. 2017. “Cartographic Care, or, Caretographies.” Living Maps Review 3: 1-14. http://livingmaps.review/journal/index.php/LMR/article/view/67/136.
Hind, Sam. 2017. A Manifesto for Playful Methods. Self-published. https://thesemaphoreline.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/playfields_fieldguide_final.pdf.
Passmann, Johannes and Gerlitz, Carolin. 2017. “Popularisierung einer digitalen Medien-Praktik.” Zeitschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik 47 (3): 375–393. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41244-017-0067-1.
van der Vlist, Fernando N. 2017. “Counter-Mapping Surveillance: A Critical Cartography of Mass Surveillance Technology After Snowden.” Surveillance & Society 15 (1): 137-157. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1401-0325.
van der Vlist, Fernando N. and Helmond, Anne. 2017. “Speculative data selfies.” Internet Policy Review. https://policyreview.info/articles/news/speculative-data-selfies/449.


Gerlitz Carolin. 2016. “Bots, Software und Parasitäre Ökonomien.” POP 5 (2): 54-58. https://doi.org/10.14361/pop-2016-0208.
Gerlitz Carolin. 2016. “What Counts? Reflections on the Multivalence of Social Media Data.” Digital Culture & Society 2 (2): 19-38. https://doi.org/10.14361/dcs-2016-0203.
Gerlitz, Carolin, eds. 2016. “Data Point Critique.” In The Datafied Society Studying Culture through Data, edited by Schäfer, Mirco T. and van Es, karin, 241-245. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press. https://doi.org/10.25969/mediarep/12478.
Hind, Sam. 2016. “Driving the Future.” Wealth Press: Work and Time Issue: 10-13. https://thesemaphoreline.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/the-wealth-press-work-and-time-issue.pdf.
Hind, Sam. 2016. Playful Mapping in the Digital Age. Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures. https://library.oapen.org/handle/20.500.12657/29626.
Hind, Sam. 2016. “Territorial Determinism: Police Exercises, Training Spaces and Manoeuvres.” In Playful Mapping in the Digital Age, 94-113. Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures. https://library.oapen.org/handle/20.500.12657/29626.
Thielmann, Tristan, eds. 2016. “Linked Photography: A Praxeological Analysis of Augmented Reality Navigation in the Early 20th Century.” In Digital Photography and Everyday Life: Empirical Studies on Material Visual Practices, edited by Gómez, Cruz and Lehmuskallio, Asko, 160-185. London: Routledge. https://www.oreilly.com/library/view/digital-photography-and/9781317447771/023_9781138899803_ch10.html.
van der Vlist, Fernando N. 2016. “Accounting for the social: Investigating commensuration and Big Data practices at Facebook.” Big Data & Society 3 (1): 1–16. 10.1177/2053951716631365. https://doi.org/10.1177/2053951716631365.


Marres, Noortje and Gerlitz, Carolin. 2015. “Interface Methods: Renegotiating Relations between Digital Social Research, STS and Sociology.” The Sociological Review 64 (1): 21-46. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-954X.12314. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1111/1467-954X.12314.